October 27, 2018

It is difficult for this age to estimate correctly the profound effect produced upon the religions, philosophies, and sciences of antiquity by the study of the planets, luminaries, and constellations. The Egyptians were honored with a special appellation because of their proficiency in computing the power and motion of the heavenly bodies and their effect upon the destinies of nations and individuals. Ruins of primitive astronomical observatories have been discovered in all parts of the world, altough in many cases modern archeologists are unaware of the true purpose for which these structures were erected.


The pagans looked upon the stars as living things, capable of influencing the destinies of individuals, nations, and races. The word zodiac is derived from the Greek "zodiakos", which means "a circle of animals", or, as some believe, "little animals." The Greeks, and later other people influenced by their culture, divided the band of the zodiac into twelve sections, each being sixteen degrees in width and thirty degrees in length. These divisons were called the Houses of the Zodiac. The sun during its annual pilgrimage passed through each of these in turn, imaginary creatures were traced in the Star groups bounded by these rectangles; and because most of them were animal - or part animal - in form, they later became known as the Constellations, or Signs, of the Zodiac.

The creatures assigned to the twelve houses are symbolic of the qualities and intensity of the sun's power while it occupies different parts of the zodiac belt. The  first six signs of the zodiac of twelve signs were regarded as benevolent, because the sun occupied them while traversing the Northern Hemisphere. The second six were considered malevolent, because while the sun was traveling the Southern Hemishpere it was winter with the Greeks, Egyptians and Persians. Each year the sun passes entirely around the zodiac and returns to the point from which it started (the vernal equinox) and each year it falls just a little short of making the complete circle of the heavens in the alloted period of time. As a result, it crosses the equator just a little behind the spot in the zodial sign where it crossed the previous year. Each sign of the zodiac consists of thirty degrees, and as the sun loses about one degree every seventy two years it regresses through one entire conestellation in approximately 2,160 years, and through the entire zodiac in about 25,920 years. This retrograde motion is called the precession of the equinoxes. This means that in the course of about 25,920 years, which constitute one Great Solar or Platonic Year, each one of the twelve constellations occupies a position at the vernal equinox for nearly 2,160 years, then gives place to the previous sign.


There are two distinct systems of astrological philosophy. One of them, the Ptolemaic, is geocentric: the earth is considered the center of the solar system, around which the sun, moon and planets revolve, or in other words - it looks at the zodiac from humanly point of view standing on earth. This is the system widely used in the west to determine the zodiac sign of a person when he's born. Since from this point of view, the heavenly bodies revolve around the earth, it is not our planet, but they who occupy certain zodiac signs. This system takes the Sun as a mediator between the zodiac constellation which it occupies and our planet, taking the energies of the constellation and manifests them unto our planet.

The other system of astrological philosophy is called heliocentric. This system positions the sun in the center of the solar system, where it naturally belongs, with the planets and their moons revolving around it. The great difficulty, however, with the heliocentric system is that, being comparavitely new, there has not been sufficient time to experiment successfully and catalogue the effects of its various aspects and relationships. So depending on which model you choose to look at, your zodiac sign would be completely different. For example, if you take a look at the the picture below, you would notice your zodiac sign could be either Aquarius or Leo, depending on the system you look through. For example, If you are born in Taurus in the geocentric model, you would be the opposite sign in the heliocentric system, that is Scorpius, because in the geocentric model, the Earth occupies Taurus, but in the heliocentric system, the Sun occupies Scorpius. It all depends whether you choose the Sun or the Earth as a standing point of view.


There are also two ways to count an year - tropical and sidereal. The western world use the tropical way for astrology, the other, sidereal astrology is used by vedics. Tropical astrology is an ajdusted system that does not reflect the actual location of the planets, but ajdusts them to a theoretical position based on the seasons of the earth. Sidereal astrology on the other hand, uses the actual positions of the planets. Both astrologies refer to the zodiac system used. If you are born in January the Sun is in Capricon, over the course of the year, the Sun moves through all the signs of the zodiac. Once the earth is back in its original location, we have completed one sidereal year. But the tropical year doesn't depend on the Earth's position. It depends on the Earth's tilted axis. When the North Pole faces away from the Sun, as it is shown in the mage below, people in the northern hemipshere experience the sun winter solstice, the shortest day of the year.

If you measure the length of time between two winter soltices, you get a tropical year. The problem with the tropical year is that, because the axis of the Earth is moving, it lines up with the sun before the Earth has returned to its original astronomical location. The axis only moves about one-hundreth of a degree and a tropical year is only 20 minutes shorter than a sidereal year. But since this system has been used for a long period of time, these 20 minutes had added up every year resulting in big differentiations from the sidereal year. To fix this issue, for over the past 1000 years, well-known people have found a solution by adding an extra day to the tropical year every few years in order to match the sidereal year.

Egyptians and Greeks, as mentoined above, had assigned certain animals to the Constellations based on their effects in association with our planet. They believed every constellation has its own unique effects on all aspects of life - it influences not only the human psyche, but the fecundity and evolution of all organisms living on Earth. From the different constellations, different male and female deities in Egypt, Greece, Rome, Persia and Chaldea were born as symbols for the powers of the heavens associated with them.

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